Second World War, Encuentros de Historia Comparada Hispano-Polaca / Spotkania poświęcone historii porównawczej hiszpańsko-polskiej. 4, the occupiers looted and destroyed much of Poland's cultural and historical heritage, while persecuting and murdering members of the Polish cultural elite. Under such circumstances, the school day, which normally lasts five hours, is reduced to one hour. 228 Piotrowski 1997,. . 269272 Madajczyk 1970,. . 299 a b c Madajczyk 1970,. . 70 The Soviet authorities sought to remove all trace of the Polish history of the area now under their control. 58, isbn Salmonowicz, Stanisław (1994 Polskie Państwo Podziemne (Polish Underground State) (in Polish Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Szkolne i Pedagogiczne, ISBchabas, William (2000 Genocide in international law: the crimes of crimes, Cambridge University Press, isbn Sterling, Eric; Roth, John. 24 Even exotic animals were taken from the zoos. 95 For the most part, closing underground schools and colleges in the General Government was not a top priority for the Germans. 85 Overall, in that period in the General Government, one of every three children was receiving some sort of education from the underground organizations; the number rose to about 70 for children old enough to attend secondary school. Retrieved on b Madajczyk 1970,. . Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler wrote, in a memorandum of May 1940: "The sole purpose of this schooling is to teach them simple arithmetic, nothing above the number 500; how to write one's name; and the doctrine that it is divine law to obey the Germans. 72 73 Other Polish writers, however, rejected the Soviet persuasions and instead published underground: Jadwiga Czechowiczówna, Jerzy Hordyński, Jadwiga Gamska-Łempicka, Herminia Naglerowa, Beata Obertyńska, Ostap Ortwin, Tadeusz Peiper, Teodor Parnicki, Juliusz Petry. 418 a b c d e f g h i (in Polish) Węglicka, Katarzyna (n.d.) Literatura okupacyjna na Kresach (Occupation literature in Kresy). Odzyskiwanie zabytków, Tygodnik Przegląd,. 540 Lerski, Wróbel, Kozicki 1996,. . 66 67 In the process, they banned political parties and public associations and imprisoned or executed their leaders as "enemies of the people". 11 German propaganda specialists invited critics from neutral countries to specially organized "Polish" performances that were specifically designed to be boring or pornographic, and presented them as typical Polish cultural activities. 49 Thus, they sponsored the underground publication ( bibuła ) of works by Winston Churchill and Arkady Fiedler and of 10,000 copies of a Polish primary-school primer and commissioned artists to create resistance artwork (which was then disseminated by Operation N and like activities). 223 Salmonowicz 1994,. . At the same time, church property was confiscated, prohibitions were placed on using the Polish language in religious services, organizations affiliated with the Catholic Church were abolished, and it was forbidden to perform certain religious songsor to read passages of the Bible in public. 52 Persons who spoke Polish in the streets were often insulted and even physically assaulted. 115 All of these activities were supported by the Underground State's Department of Culture. 11 Several non-public indexes of prohibited books were created, and over 1,500 Polish writers were declared "dangerous to the German state and culture". 15 The Germans hoped that a more lenient cultural policy would lessen unrest and weaken the Polish Resistance. 25 Formerly in the collection of the Czartoryski Museum in Kraków, its whereabouts remain unknown. The only Polish-language newspaper published in occupied Poland was also closed, and the arrests of Polish intellectuals began. 29 Portrait of a Young Man, by Raphael,. In November 1940, the Poles of Lwów observed the 85th anniversary of Adam Mickiewicz 's death. Books by Tadeusz Borowski, Adolf Rudnicki, Henryk Grynberg, Miron Białoszewski, Hanna Krall and others; films, including those by Andrzej Wajda ( A Generation, Kanał, Ashes and Diamonds, Lotna, A Love in Germany, Korczak, Katyń TV series. Moreover, the Polish schools are closed during at least five months out of the ten months of the school year due to lack of coal or other fuel. Stories Behind the Photographs, In: Reportaże z Powstania Warszawskiego (Warsaw Uprising Reportages KAW, Warsaw, 1983. 28 Dozens of monuments were destroyed throughout Poland. Door-to-door sale of books was banned, 10 and bookstoreswhich required a license to operate 10 were either emptied out or closed. 41 The educational curriculum was censored; subjects such as literature, history and geography were removed. This was accomplished through deliberate tactics such as police raids on schools, police inspections of student belongings, mass arrests of students and teachers, and the use of students as forced laborers, often by transporting them to Germany as seasonal workers. 323 Madajczyk 1970,. . 7 Immediately following the invasion of Poland in September 1939, the Nazi German government implemented the first stages (the "small plan of Generalplan Ost. Not to mention that politicians constantly sexy undertøy escortedate oslo make use.