ze zbiorów. 81 82 Classes were either held under the cover of officially permitted activities or in private homes and other venues. "The concept of readability." Elementary English 26:23. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. 49 Novels and anthologies were published by underground presses; over 1,000 works were published underground over the course of the war. 23 Notable items plundered by the Nazis included the Altar of Veit Stoss and paintings by Raphael, Rembrandt, Leonardo da Vinci, Canaletto and Bacciarelli. In Rubakin's view, the people were not fools. 127 Influence on postwar culture edit Rozstrzelanie V (Execution by Firing Squad, V) (1949) by Andrzej Wróblewski, set in German-occupied Poland See also: Cultural representations of the Warsaw Uprising The wartime attempts to destroy Polish culture may have strengthened it instead. Although this did not improve the reliability of the formulas, their efforts showed the importance of these variables in reading ease. Poland 's people and cultural heritage. "Comprehension and the given-new contract." In Discourse production and comprehension,. The new formula correlated.70 with the McCall-Crabbs reading tests. 125 There were also Polish theaters in exile in both the East and the West. Number of Modals (will, shall, can, may, must, would).65 X _. 196 Salmonowicz 1994,. . Every day, pupils have to study in several shifts. Know Your Reader: The scientific approach to readability. They also increased the amount read in a given time, and made for easier acceptance. The theme remains an important element in literature and learning, in film, theater and the fine arts. Another variable was affixes. 38 In the Bezirk Bialystok region, for example, 86 of the schools that had existed before the war were closed down during the first two years of German occupation, and by the end of the following year that figure had increased. 1988 "Determining difficulty levels of text written in languages other than English." In Readability: Its past, present, norske naken jenter kim kardashian porno and future, eds. Teaching patients with low literacy skills. 48 Its formula is: Raw score 64 -.95 PDW) -.69 ASL) The Gunning fog formula edit Main article: Gunning fog index In the 1940s, Robert Gunning helped bring readability research into the workplace. Much research has focused on matching prose to reading skills. This supports the fact that the average adult reads at the 9th-grade level. Abrams, isbn Symonowicz, Antoni (1960 "Nazi Campaign against Polish Culture in Nurowski, Roman (ed. 34 Early adult readability formulas edit During the recession of the 1930s, the.S. 16 99 The highest recorded publication volume was an issue of Biuletyn Informacyjny printed in 43,000 copies; average volume of larger publication was 1,0005,000 copies. 10 Numerous musical performances were permitted in cafes and churches, 10 and the Polish underground chose to boycott only the propagandist operas.